- Kallawaya Medicine Man, Bolivia. © 2011 Yoshi Shimizu / www.yoshi-shimizu.com
The Bolivian Kallawaya, itinerant healers who are thought to have been the naturopathic healers for Inca Kings, still travel through the Andean mountain valleys and highland plateaus in search of traditional herbs. They have their own family language that has been handed down from father to son, or grandfather to grandson. Some believe the language, called Machaj Juyai or “folk language,” to be the secret language of the Inca Kings, linked to the languages of the Amazonian forest, to which the Kallawaya once travelled to find material for their treatments.
All tribal languages are rich in spiritual and social insights – ideas about what it is to be human; to live, love and die. ‘Just as natural cures to humanity’s illnesses are waiting to be found in plants in the rainforest, so many ideas, perceptions and solutions about how humans engage with each other and with the natural world already exist, in the tribal languages of the world,’ says Stephen Corry of Survival International, the movement for tribal peoples. But most tribal languages are disappearing faster than they can be recorded; it is thought that by 2100, more than half of the more than 7,000 languages spoken on Earth—many of them not yet recorded—may disappear. The pace at which they are declining exceeds even that of species extinction.
Languages are far more than mere words: they amount to what we know, and who we know ourselves to be. Their loss is immeasurable. In the words of Daniel Everett, linguist, author and Dean of Arts and Sciences at Bentley University, “When we lose tribal knowledge we lose part of our ‘force’ as Homo sapiens. There is a inestimable loss of expression of humor, knowledge, love, and the gamut of human experience. One ancient tradition, a world of solutions to life is lost forever. You can’t Google it and get it back.”