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Knowing your place in the pecking order

Photo by Michael Nichols, c. NGS.
Photo by Michael Nichols, c. NGS.

Despite a reputation for being cooperative, one researcher has noted that female elephants observe a strict hierarchy at the watering hole. Working in Namibia’s Etosha National Park, Caitlin O’Connell-Rodwell has been studying different elephant families trying to make sense of the complex relations.

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