In September 2013, Palau’s current President Tommy Remengesau announced his intention to protect 80 percent of Palau’s waters as a National Marine Sanctuary. For the month of September 2014, National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence Dr. Enric Sala is leading key scientists and filmmakers to explore, survey, and document the diversity and abundance of the marine life that will be protected by the new offshore sanctuary. The team will also assess how well inshore marine protected areas have performed to date.
The night was dark, and the breeze warm. Without clouds on the sky, the ancient mariner knew exactly where home was. A small tweak on the sail, and his little dugout canoe was sailing straight to his home island in the West Pacific, 400 miles north of the equator. He could guess the vague silhouette of the limestone rocks covered with lush tropical forest against Orion, now setting under the horizon. Even before he could see his island, he knew exactly how far he was from it, for he could hear the waves breaking on the reef miles away. He let his right hand touch the seawater softly, as if not wanting to disturb the sleeping marine creatures. He felt the sea caressing him back.
In his head there was an encyclopedic amount of knowledge about his world, from the stars that guided his way among the archipelagos, to the reefs underwater where he fished for him and his family. He, like all other elders, knew where the fishes lived, where they reproduced, and how and when to catch them. But they also knew when to leave them alone, so that there could be fish for all and forever. For generation upon generation, this traditional conservation method, the “bul“, preserved the livelihoods and food security of the people of what we know today as Palau.
However, after WWII, the traditional ways were lost to many, and “Westernization” and population growth created increasing pressure on the marine resources of Palau, including the irony of having to provide fish for the tourists who come to observe those very fish.
Aware of their past and concerned about their future, Palauan President Johnson Toribiong declared at the United Nations General Assembly the first shark sanctuary in the world in 2009. In September 2013, also at the United Nations, current President Tommy Remengesau announced his intention to protect 80% of Palau’s waters as a National Marine Sanctuary within the next few years, because he recognizes the advantages of a “pristine” environment for their tourism-based economy.
Hence our presence in Palau. We are about to start a Pristine Seas expedition to support Palau’s bid to develop a sustainable future. Our objectives are to conduct scientific research to estimate the diversity and abundance of the large fishes that will be protected by Palau’s offshore sanctuary. In addition, we will test how well inshore marine protected areas have performed to date. Finally, we will film to produce a National Geographic documentary to tell the formidable story of how Palau is securing the future of their past.
We will be posting expedition dispatches regularly, so that you can follow along and discover with us the underwater richness of Palau.
The Pristine Seas expedition to Palau is sponsored by Blancpain and Davidoff Cool Water.