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The Genographic Project Turns Ten

 

 

Ten years ago, National Geographic and IBM teamed up with a group of international scientists and indigenous community members at National Geographic Society’s headquarters in Washington, D.C. to kick off the Genographic Project. Our plan: To use advanced DNA analyses to answer fundamental scientific questions, such as where we originated from, and how we came to populate the earth.

Thanks to funding from the Waitt Family Foundation, over the last ten years the international network of scientists have helped reveal rich new details about our global migratory history. Now more than 700,000 people have participated in the Genographic Project by submitting their DNA, becoming citizen scientists and enabling us to rewrite human history.

To summarize ten amazing years, which are thanks to startup funds from the Waitt Family Foundation and an overwhelming support from the public, we’ve compiled the Top Ten Genographic Highlights from our first decade. Also, for the next 10 days you can save $10 on Geno 2.0, plus enjoy free shipping. Click here for the discount.

10. Inspiring a Haplogroup Honeymoon: An uber-enthusiastic participant from Sleepy Hollow, Illinois and his equally charmed fiancee, participated in the Genographic Project and used what they learned about their ancestry to determine their honeymoon destination. After receiving their results, the couple settled on Kenya, Africa, a place in the world where their ancient ancestors crossed paths hundreds of thousands of years ago. True love, science style.

9. Showcasing the World’s Melting Pot: On a single day, on a single street, and with the DNA of just a few hundred random people from Queens, New York, The Genographic Project set out to trace the ancestral footsteps of all humanity. The effort, part of the 2009 National Geographic Channel documentary, The Human Family Tree, established Queens as a true microcosm of the world’s genetic diversity.

8. Uncovering the Skeletons in Europe’s Closet: Two landmark studies published in 2012 and 2013 on ancient DNA in Europe, reshaped our understanding of early settlement of the continent–untangling the complex wave of migrations and interactions that underlie the genetic origins of Europeans.

7. Bringing DNA to the Classroom:  Working with Yo Yo Ma’s Silk Road Project, hundreds of public school students in the United States and around the world participated in the Genographic Project as part a multidisciplinary educational initiative. Thousands of other schools continue to participate with a special educator discount for Genographic kits and free online lesson plans.

6. Establishing Citizen Scientists: More than 700,000 members of the public have submitted their DNA to the Genographic Project to participate in this real-time research study. With a simple and painless cheek swab, they became citizen scientists helping us add new branches to our human family tree.

5. Getting Tech Savvy: Based on years of research and the contribution of a half-million participants, Genographic scientists created the first and most complete genetic testing chip to be used for anthropological research: The GenoChip. With the GenoChip, participants can learn about their deep paternal and maternal migratory routes, get an estimate of their regional ancestry, and learn how much Neanderthal DNA they carry. Each chip tests for about 150,000 mutational points in a participant’s DNA.

4. Mapping Migration: A breakthrough scientific research paper by the Genographic Consortium established that humans left Africa through the southern route across the Red Sea, from the Horn of Africa into modern-day Saudi Arabia and Yemen, some 60,000 years ago. Previous research had suggested that humans had left Africa through the northern route, across the Sinai Peninsula.

3. Exploration in the Field: Genographic Project Director and National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence Spencer Wells set out on an expedition to collaborate with indigenous populations around the world to trace humankind’s migration. The work, incorporated into the documentary Journey of Man, set the stage to launch what is now the Genographic Project. It continues with 11 teams of international scientists going to remote places like the deserts of Chad, the mountains of Tajikistan and the rainforests of the Amazon to collaborate with people from around the globe.

2. Giving Back to Indigenous Communities: The Genographic Legacy Fund, funded by sales of the Geno 2.0 DNA Kits, has enabled us to award nearly 100 grants totaling more than $2.4 million in support of indigenous led cultural and linguistic revitalization projects. One project funded a mobile preschool in Southern Cameroon to bring early education to the Baka children.

1. Creating a Genetic Gold Mine: The Genographic Project has created the largest and most complete database of non-medical, anthropological genetic data in the world. Home to more than 20 billion ancestry-informative data points and a collection of ancestral stories, this resource will soon be available to scientists and genealogists to continue analyzing and advancing the science of genetics.

Comments

  1. Manuel Molles
    Colorado
    July 30, 2015, 11:34 pm

    Happy Birthday Genographics! It’s absolutely fascinating to witness the gradual unfolding of the human story being revealed by the Genographics Project. All my results have been consistent with known family history, with branches from Portugal and the French Basque Country. However, an unexpected result was the high level of putative Denisovan ancestry (3.4%). It’s great to hear that your research group is working on the unexpected levels of Denisovan ancestry cited by many commenters. Keep up the good work!

  2. Linda
    Oakland, Ca
    July 5, 2015, 1:57 pm

    My sister received results from a 23&me DNA test which indicates British Isles, Irish, Mediterranean, German, Neanderthal, African and American Indian. This inspired me to join the Genome Project to get more info. I was also delighted to relearn, as some other commenters observed, how interconnected we humans all are.

  3. Higgins
    Oakland, Ca
    July 4, 2015, 7:01 pm

    My sister received DNA results from 23&me detailing British Isles, Irish, German, Mediterranean, Neanderthal, African & American Indian DNA. This inspired me to join the Genome Project. I am curious, as a blue-eyed blond, as to how many ‘white’ Americans have African ancestry. I was also delighted to be reminded, as some other commenters observed, how interconnected all humans are.

  4. John Charles Brooks
    Raleigh, North Carolina 27604
    June 9, 2015, 1:27 pm

    Why not do a DNA study for Abraham Lincoln?? The Smithsonian Institute possesses several validated blood samples??

  5. Julie Rincon
    Houston, TX
    May 21, 2015, 9:07 pm

    I ordered this for my husband for Christmas a few years ago. I tested our son so we could have a more complete maternal and paternal results. And they were pretty funny. It broke it down into two main parts: Mexican, more specifically from the L.A. area; which is where his Paternal Grandfather is from. Then German, lol, which is from me. I know the science isn’t there yet but I would love it if they could map more Native Americans. My husbands Paternal Grandmother was Apache but we don’t know much about her or why she left the reservation as a child. Keep up the good work and can’t wait to see even more results!

  6. SALVATORE CONTARINO
    United States
    April 28, 2015, 4:07 pm

    SInce it’s been ten years, will National Geographic produce another documentary on the genome project and what has been learned thus far? I can remember how thrilling it was to see how the human family first moved out of Africa and how closely certain groups of people are related even though they are thousands of miles apart.

  7. Krista
    United States
    April 27, 2015, 6:20 am

    Happy Birthday GP! Migul Vilar, I have a question about #1 on this list. It says “Creating a Genetic Gold Mine: The Genographic Project has created the largest and most complete database of non-medical, anthropological genetic data in the world… this resource will soon be available to scientists and genealogists to continue analyzing and advancing the science of genetics.”
    What is “soon”? This year? Do you have a date, or an estimated time frame, of when this genetic data will be released? Where will it be released? FamilyTreeDNA?
    Thank you.

    • Miguel Vilar
      April 27, 2015, 12:08 pm

      Krista, thank you for your question. We are in the process of making the database available to scientists and genealogists, but we are ensuring that we do it correctly and that we follow all the rules that we and our participants agreed to over the years. All of data will be anonymous. I do not have a specific date yet, but we do think that it will be this year, as we are getting closer to that moment. The data will be managed by National Geographic, and applicants will get access to it through an application process and a search tool. Thank you, Dr. Miguel Vilar

  8. Jessica Fish
    Acton, California
    April 27, 2015, 1:40 am

    I participated in the Geno Project back in 2005 and was very pleased with the information. I tested myself (for my mother’s line) and my brother (for my father’s line) and an aunt (for my father’s mother’s line) and cousin ( for my mother’s father’s line) – GREAT STUFF. Now I am reading from a competitor DNA analysis company that you get different results from testing siblings of same gender- Is that true??
    Thank you for your committed work in this area.

    • Miguel Vilar
      April 27, 2015, 12:11 pm

      Thank you for the question. It depends on what result you are looking at. If you are looking at the mitochondrial DNA, then anyone who is biologically descendent from your mother or maternal grandmother will share your lineage. The same goes for the Y chromosome in men, and their father and paternal grandfather. The other results (Neanderthal and the geographic regions) come from the recombined (mixed) part of your DNA, and therefore yours should be very similar to your full siblings, and somewhat similar to your parents, if their ancestries are similar.

  9. E A
    Grinnell, IA
    April 26, 2015, 1:00 pm

    I have not yet fed my info in as I am still waiting for the release of the analysis of the sample I submitted to BGI (BGI Cognitive Genomics) as part of its genome-wide association study of people with IQs more than 3.5 standard deviations above mean to identify specific genes that contribute to (traditional measures of) intelligence. An example, for those unaware, would be the “oxytocin receptor gene.” Those without it (A:A) have non-verbal IQs at least 10 pts higher than those with it (G:G). However, those who have the gene have much higher EMOTIONAL intelligences and are both more self-confident and more positive.

    I think your program is fantastic, and look forward to the time when I may be able to submit and compare data.

    In the meantime, the misunderstanding of many about this program, as evidenced by many of the comments, especially in not contacting the best resources to answer their questions or not comprehending that there are other organizations and resources which have already answered many of their question, is deeply disturbing. Those individuals provide unwarranted negative feedback about the NG Geographic Project.

    Most communities seem to offer Adult Continuing Education and for-fun programs. I believe NGGP and participants in it and the various 23-and-Me-type programs would benefit IMMENSELY if you would encourage participants who “get it” to offer short, simplified topics through those community programs to better explain what their results fully mean, as well as where and how to research further for answers to their ongoing questions. These programs could be provided for free or just a minimal fee, and range from 1 meeting for a few hours to a weekly class spread over 3 months, depending on the availability and knowledge of the individual program leaders. Even if it were just an explanation of Google Scholar, it would give many participants the knowledge and tools to resolve them. At the same time, it would serve as an enormous advertisement about the promotion, eventually leading to more participants and a broader conversation.

  10. Denese Wong
    Mary Esther, Florida
    April 26, 2015, 5:01 am

    I made a mistake when typing out my haplogroup and subclade. It’s T1a1c.

  11. Denese Wong
    Mary Esther, Florida
    April 26, 2015, 4:59 am

    I purchased the Geno 1 kit, and then the Geno 2, when that became available. I found the results fascinating and have developed a deep interest in human ancestry. I just wish more information was available for my haplogroup and subclade, T1aic.

  12. KAN
    United States
    April 25, 2015, 9:38 pm

    Just like Larry in Philadelphia who wishes that his Grandmother was around, I wish that my Grandfather was still alive! He would be tickled to learn that our family has Neanderthal genes! I am an Anthropology instructor and plan to use my Geno 2.0 results in my college lecture courses! Thank you Nat Geo!

  13. Stella
    Ontario, Canada
    April 23, 2015, 9:20 pm

    Just got my results from Geno 2.0. Fascinating to find out I have homonid ancestry! Are you planning to do any maps of percentage of Neanderthal and Denisovan anccestry for the different reference groups? It would also be interesting to see what the average ancestry is by country (based on native local peoples) and their average of homonid ancestry.

    I look forward to learning more about my DNA! Great work!!!

  14. Preston Garrison
    Texas
    April 23, 2015, 7:06 pm

    Also, please join the relevant haplogroup project for your terminal SNP and help us build out the Y and mitochondrial trees. It’s free.

  15. Preston Garrison
    Texas
    April 23, 2015, 7:03 pm

    To those who asked above, there is no way to research the male line using DNA from women. You need to find a male cousin or second cousin on the patrilineal line to look at the Y chromosome.

    It would be nice to see a much larger percentage of participants share their stories, especially if they know where their ancestors came from; that really helps those of us who have the same terminal SNP as they do and don’t know our geographical origin.

    Geno2 turned out very well for me to start out – I have since done 67 STRs and Y chromosome sequencing, and heard from a guy who shares a matrilineal ancestor with me 10,000 years ago.

  16. Fran
    United States
    April 23, 2015, 3:31 pm

    Some comments reminded me of a high school history student who travelled to Rome -then sent a card back saying she was trying to see something historical, but “there was just a bunch of old buildings.” Perhaps one needs intellectual curiosity or imagination to appreciate the Project. Anyway, thanks for ten years of wonder.

    • Miguel Vilar
      April 23, 2015, 5:12 pm

      Thank you Fran for your kind words. And yes, ours but also the Geno participants’ intellectual curiousity have fueled us these ten great years!

  17. Belinda
    Cleveland, TN
    April 23, 2015, 1:33 pm

    I was hoping for info from 1000-2000 years ago. I wasn’t disappointed in the info I did get but would have like to get more. Hope you will continue on this project. Trying to get my brother to participate also.

  18. Thomas Jones
    Ottawa, Ontario
    April 23, 2015, 9:09 am

    My wife and I did Geno 1 and I completed Geno 2, as well. My wife is first generation Slovak so it was interesting to note that when she received her results back her ancestors appear to end almost directly in the small Slovak village where her parents and their ancestors had lived for centuries. In my case, Geno 1 established a Spanish connection (which was unexpected) but Geno 2 placed my ancestors in northern Germany which is where my maternal grandmother’s parents were from. Fascinating results.

  19. MARINA CENTONZE
    MILANO ITALY
    April 23, 2015, 6:43 am

    I RISULTATI DELLA VOSTRA RICERCA SONO STATI MOLTO INTERESSANTI E ANCHE MOLTO COMMUOVENTI…QUESTO PICCOLO UOMO O DONNA, NEL MIO CASO, COSA NON HA FATTO E …..SIAMO TUTTE SORELLE!
    PS SONO UN ASINO IN LINGUA INGLESE.

  20. MARINA CENTONZE
    MILANO ITALY
    April 23, 2015, 6:37 am

    GRAZIE

  21. Gail
    Nebraska
    April 22, 2015, 10:32 pm

    I received my geno2.0 results on the 4th of July, 2013. Seeing my results was more dazzling to me than the most spectacular fireworks display you can imagine. As others have said here, it can be a life-changing experience, a rekindling of the spark of curiosity that made life so exciting for me when I was a child, rather than the grandmother I am today.

    To those whose results did not equal their high expectations, I say take heart! We are at the beginning stage of our understanding of genetics. Although at present you may feel that your test results generate more questions than answers, please know that your unselfish gift is benefiting humanity and will help generate answers for the the questions you most long to have answered.

    But ultimately life is a mystery, and I believe it is important to cultivate patience and a sense of gratitude for everything we learn along the way.

  22. Nancy Friesen
    United States, Arlington, TX
    April 22, 2015, 8:16 pm

    This project is awesome. I participated about a year ago and finally got my brother to do it. We are elderly blue eyed blondes of Scandinavian ancestry. I pondered for years about how my ancestors made it so far north. We both have higher than average Neanderthal and Denisovan markers. Is any research being done on that to determine if it was a factor that helped people survive in the colder climates? I am promoting my results on both Classmates.com and Facebook. If this project can help people around the world to treat each other better, I will be so happy. Thank yu.

  23. Rosemary Ashley
    United States
    April 22, 2015, 6:54 pm

    Why are you not answering people’s questions regarding the lack of males in a family and tracing a father’s DNA! There are no males alive in my family to be tested and a number of people asked if in the future there would be way to find out the Male DNA when there are only girls in the family? Please answer this question?

  24. Larry Elliott
    Philadelphia, PA
    April 22, 2015, 6:52 pm

    Great to learn my roots go back to the first Africans who left Africa to go on and populate the world. My grandmother would always say to us grandkids “we are Africans, not negroes, and we are an old, old people”. Only wish grandma was alive to confirm how right she was.

  25. Ross C. Laugher
    Reading, UK
    April 22, 2015, 3:37 pm

    I took part in 2005 and again in 2012. The revelations were mindblowingly fascinating. It is one of the most dynamic and inspired projects of the 21st Century. It has also contributed enormously to my own research, about which I am in the process of writing. My thanks to National Geographic and all who have worked with this project. Special mention must of course go to the inspiration of Spencer Wells, his ongoing world research and his ground-breaking book The Journey of man: A genetic Odyssey, which so clearly set the scene. I am full of admiration for this awesome project.

  26. Nancy Mahannah
    California
    April 22, 2015, 3:14 pm

    My father participated in this. I was hoping to find more specific results of your studies in this 10 year note, rather than just what collaborations and accomplishments have been made. Definitely an interesting project.

  27. Paul Gill
    Vancouver, Canada
    April 21, 2015, 1:54 am

    The Genographic Project Turns Ten.

    It has grown too old now and has become senile, it is the time buy this useless garbage test now.

    How come you delete all my posts, does a fair review means anything to you?

  28. emma
    Florida
    April 20, 2015, 7:08 pm

    I understand that thiis helps FOR SURE to clarify NO ONE is pure of a certain Race or region. It is a marvel to know what we share among all of us and the percentages. I can not wait to learn more as the project moves along.

  29. Vera Z
    United States
    April 15, 2015, 3:51 pm

    My family participated in Genographic 1 and 2 and thought the results were wonderfully interesting. Thank you, National Geographic!

    • Miguel Vilar
      April 21, 2015, 2:55 pm

      Thank you for your interest and comments.

  30. John White
    Australia
    April 14, 2015, 10:25 pm

    Fantastic project & work! I eagerly await the update emails & look forward to seeing the detail & history unfold. Thanks!!

  31. John Charles Brooks
    Raleigh, North Carolina 27604
    April 14, 2015, 9:22 pm

    To

    ngforum@nationalgeographic.com

    With your DNA project and so many bloody artifacts from Abraham Lincoln available, why don’t you, Susan Goldberg, collaborate with Michael Caruso of the Smithsonian and James L Swanson to set forth factually the parentage and birthplace of Abraham Lincoln? This has been sought now for the past twenty-five years and nothing has come of it. Who is blocking this simple exercise and why? This is the big question???

    Thanks, John Brooks, J.D.
    516 North Blount Street
    Raleigh, North Carolina 27604
    919 828-4251
    nbrooks37@bellsouth.net

  32. Ron Burdick
    Edmond, OK
    April 14, 2015, 6:06 pm

    Absolutely fascinating results. De bunked a lot of what I was told by family

  33. norman
    Glasgow, Scotland
    April 14, 2015, 5:38 pm

    Delighted with Geno.2, and taking this opportunity to ask a question. I had tested with 23 & Me who, prior to the discovery of ‘the others’, told me that I was 2.7% Neanderthal, and I was so pleased I bought the teeshirt. Geno.2, however, after the discovery of ‘the others’ , told me I was 2.2% Neanderthal and 2.3% Denisovan. While disappointed to be downgraded as a Neanderthal by 0.5%, I am really chuffed to be an overall total of 4.5% ancient hominid (Neanderthal & Denisovan). Problem is this: what happened to the extra 0.5% Neanderthal – could it be that this 0.5% is something which both cousin lineages had in common, which can therefore be ascribed either way (which suggests it comes from their common ancestral lineage), or did 23 & Me, prior to the discovery of ‘the others’ and therefore understandably unaware of the other possibility, simply get it wrong.
    By the way, as one of ‘the others’, can we dispose of the eponymous Denis the Hermit and become Homo Sapiens Alienensis (the others), as boring old Denis really has nothing to do with it and might not have been one of us at all.
    Geno.2 – you’re pure dead brilliant. I give you a toast – A h-uile latha a chi’s nach fhaic !

    • Miguel Vilar
      April 21, 2015, 3:08 pm

      Thank you for your question. As we learn more, we are thinking that some of what we categorize as Neanderthal and Denisovan may actually overlap. As more ancient samples are being sequenced we are learning more and more about these ancient “cousins.” Stay tuned, as your question will likely be better answered in the months and years to come.

  34. Eileen Taylor
    United States
    April 14, 2015, 4:35 pm

    Happy Anniversary from a T2e. I was extremely excited to participate in the genome project and to find out all the places my family has wandered for the past 23,000 years. The biggest surprise was finding out that I’m 1.9% Neanderthal and 2.5% Denisovan. That’s so exciting! Now I just need to have one of my brothers buy the kit and see where our paternal side has traveled.

    The genome project brings history up close and personal as I delve into my past and learn how and where my ancestors have lived. I’m so grateful to everyone who made this wonderful adventure into ourselves possible. Thank you.

  35. Rosa McKinney
    Hurricane, WV
    April 14, 2015, 12:51 pm

    I was totally surprised by some of the information I learned about my ancestors journeys before they arrived in the USA more than 200 years ago. Very interesting stuff.

    • Miguel Vilar
      April 21, 2015, 3:03 pm

      Thank you for your comments. What we can decipher from the participants’ DNA can often help fill in the gaps in people’s own stories and geneaologies.

  36. Carmen Cruz-Venie
    Orlando, Florida USA
    April 14, 2015, 12:22 pm

    Happy 10th Birthday Genographic Project! I received my results two weeks ago. Surprise, surprise, I am 16% Native American, 30% Mediterranean, 22% Northern European, 17% Sub-Saharan, 12% Southwest Asian and 2% Southeast Asian. These results are a constant topic of conversation with family and friends. Now they all want to be tested! One last surprise, 2.7% Neanderthal and 1.3 Denisovan!

    • Miguel Vilar
      April 21, 2015, 3:00 pm

      We’re very happy to hear that your results were a surprise and very interesting. As more and more people join the project and fill out their profiles, the more we scientists are able to learn about human prehistory. So, thank you!

  37. Fabrizio Scarselli
    Switzerland
    April 14, 2015, 10:47 am

    I am very happy that you started such an ambitious project.
    I hope to be updated about any eventual better aproximation will came out through this on going study concerning my DNA.
    I am trying to have more and more people participating in the study both here and in Italy from which country I was born.
    Thanks a lot and best personal regards to all of you.
    Fabrizio Scarselli

    • Miguel Vilar
      April 21, 2015, 3:02 pm

      Thank you Fabrizio. We currently have two collaborators working in Italy. As some of their research comes to completion, we will be able to learn more about the prehistory of that amazing country.

  38. Nancy A. Kenny
    Murrells Inlet SC
    April 14, 2015, 9:38 am

    Genographic Project Kit was a Christmas present from hubby and daughters. Such fun to participate. Happy Birthday!!

  39. John E. Schumm
    Norwalk Ohio
    April 14, 2015, 8:10 am

    I am fascinated that you have launched and encouraged this DNA project. All branches of my family have lived in Germany since the 1500’s but you have taught me that it is not residence but the overall mixture of our ancestors over generations that make us what we are today. Who would believe that I am 43%Mediterranean and part West Asian. I have blue eyes and red hair but my dark-skinned mother’s ancestors were expelled from Spain by Ferdinand an Isabella!

    • Miguel Vilar
      April 21, 2015, 3:14 pm

      John, thanks for your comments. It is stories like yours that help us make sense of the DNA results. Thank you for sharing!

  40. Per Henrik Halvorsen
    Norway
    April 14, 2015, 5:34 am

    i joined the Genographic project early in its first phase and last year the 2.0. I was impressed to see how far it is possible to get. I also have interest in ancestry and I now see the Genographic results and my ancestry almost meeting each other. The gap is now between 900 and 1900 years thanks to the Genographic project. So thank you so much! This is amazing in so many ways.

    • Miguel Vilar
      April 21, 2015, 3:09 pm

      Thank you for your comments. As the technology improves, I hope we can move to shorten that gap even more.

  41. Elena Davis
    Sóller, Mallorca, Spain
    April 14, 2015, 5:21 am

    I am completely frustrated, having tried MANY times to buy a kit.
    I have clicked on Buy the Kit and BUY NOW over and over again with no result. Please advise.

    • Miguel Vilar
      April 21, 2015, 2:58 pm

      Elena,

      I am sorry to hear about the dificulties buying the kit. Please email us at genographic@ngs.org (preferred) or call +1 713 868 1807 and someone should be able to help you.

      Thank You!

  42. vehbi
    http://www.kizilpazarlama.com/giyim-ayakkabi-canta/bayan-giyim-tr/
    April 14, 2015, 3:03 am

    Happy birthday and many blessing to all of you.Nice to see where I come from. Good work

  43. Arvind Mishra
    Varanasi
    April 13, 2015, 10:34 pm

    Great endeavor indeed!

  44. Mikko Guo
    China
    April 13, 2015, 9:28 pm

    maybe finally we are going to know who we are, why we are how we are.

  45. Erno Gulyas
    Sault Ste. Marie ON Canada
    April 13, 2015, 8:15 pm

    I am a part of Geno 1 & 2 – I’m 81. Excellent program and will participate as long as I can. My own further research – unconfirmed – that my Hungarian ancestry Huns, came from Xinjiang province China probably Uighur. Like I said excellent!! Happy Birthday and carry on with this wonderful program!!!

  46. Gerard
    Ireland
    April 13, 2015, 5:49 pm

    My first Genographic test was in 2005, so Happy Anniversary Genographic. With the recent Haak et al paper showing significant R1b-M269 in the Yamnaya culture of the Steppes and the a Hallast et al paper showing expansion below R1b-L11 further west, we are getting closer to understanding the peopling of Europe. I look forward to the detailed results of the Genographic Mayo and Asturias projects to help complete the picture and a lot more ancient DNA testing of Bell Beaker sites.

    • Miguel Vilar
      April 21, 2015, 3:11 pm

      Gerard, it is nice to hear from you. Keep in touch as we reach out to the scientific and geneaology communities to help us analyze these and other Genographic results.

  47. lynn a holcomb
    caldwell idaho united states
    April 13, 2015, 5:18 pm

    my twin and i took the test and also submitted to others out there and then took the ancestry dna. found a brother in arizona with renal failure. he didnt know about us being adopted at birth, he rallied and got better and got a kidney transplant last dec. but not from us. my twin and i found other half siblings and our roots come from spanish and free women of color, which one side married black and the others married white. my sis and i are white, but what an adventure this has all been. cant wait to find more! thank you all so much. lynn holcomb and carol stone, idaho usa

  48. Merlene Wolf
    United States
    April 13, 2015, 4:40 pm

    I am mainly United Kingdom and German. But does the United Kingdom include Celtic?

  49. Bob
    Holland, Michigan
    April 13, 2015, 4:11 pm

    Very generic results….hardly worth the money invested.

  50. Carol Brannon
    Ames, Iowa
    April 13, 2015, 4:03 pm

    My husband requested and given a Genome2 kit for a Christmas present. Now he knows he is descended not only from the Neanderthals but also the Denisovans. He belongs to a common haplogroup but we are intrigued by an uncommon subclade. Hopefully, we can learn what that means, in the future.Continue to be part of the future as well as the past. Happy 10th Anniversary.

  51. Yolanda
    Canada
    April 13, 2015, 3:54 pm

    It was an exciting experience to receive the results and
    I thank you for giving us all the opportunity to participate. It gave me confirmation of vague stories I was aware of about my ancestry and now knowing who I really am, made me complete! Thank you.

  52. Kenneth
    Norway
    April 13, 2015, 3:50 pm

    Happy anniversary!

    This project made me interested in genetics, and not just genealogy.

    What i’ve learned, I would never have learned on my own.
    Hopefully both my maternal and paternal lines will become more fleshed out in the future, as more research is done.

    I also found it fascinating, that i’m part neanderthal (1%) and denisovan (1.1%), though these numbers aren’t set in stone 🙂

  53. Shah Noor Hossain
    Germany
    April 13, 2015, 3:37 pm

    My heartiest congratulations on the 10th anniversary!! A task really humane and to keep the world connected together.
    I could not take the test yet but I have been following it since I was in college, and keep telling people about it. Keep it going!! Cheers…

  54. L-P Lorentzen
    Norwegian
    April 13, 2015, 2:58 pm

    Happy birthday…
    Got my result today and all my family as long as I know has been Norwegian, but the test showed 2% nativ american… how cool is that..fantastic..
    thank you so mush from a 2.3% neanderthal..hehehe..

  55. Lyzi
    Mexico
    April 13, 2015, 2:40 pm

    Happy Birthday and congratulations to Geno 2.0 for this amazing project that has changed, impacted and clarified so many lifes, at the end we are all ONE. I wish you many many years of sucess and growth on this journey, the best to the whole team and also to the participants.

  56. Nata
    Colorado
    April 13, 2015, 2:08 pm

    This project is so exciting… I was adopted and never realized “who” I was until I participated. This led me to a 2nd dna test where I have connected with immediate family I had no idea existed, living all around me. So happy to be part of this citizen science project.

  57. Carles Montiel
    Barcelona
    April 13, 2015, 2:01 pm

    Congrats for an amazing work, searching for the different paths we, the humans, have followed through the world. And thank you for showing us that we’re alltogether closer that we think so many times. It’s a great lesson to learn, by those who want to learn, indeed!

  58. Maria Barillas
    USA
    April 13, 2015, 1:55 pm

    I participated in both Geno Projects, maternal side. I also participated in the Family Tree DNA project. Please, are you going to initiate a Geno3 soon? My mother’s ancestors are Spanish Basques, & their documents were burned during the Spanish Civil War (after which my mom emigrated to Cuba). So we are both political exiles from our country of birth & I have this need to learn about my roots. Your Project was a ray of hope; please keep the excellent work.

  59. Soudkyne
    Uk
    April 13, 2015, 1:50 pm

    Happy Birthday! I was thrilled with our reports. Both husband and I found we had not only Neanderthal but also Denisovan heritage. I was lucky to have a brother to chase up my paternal heritage. And our ancestors seemed to have wandered all over the place before settling first in Europe and then the UK. I do hope someday there will be a mechanism of letting those women without brothers obtain their paternal histories and presumably also to allow all of us to chase up our mothers’ paternal history.

  60. Sergio R Mello
    Barcelona, España
    April 13, 2015, 1:39 pm

    Participar do Genographic Project foi para mim extremamente gratificante e pude encontrar algumas explicações sobre meus ancestrais (p.ex. o porque de meu pai ter uma mecha branca em seu cabelo, algo muito comum na India atual) demais de descobrir a origem de minha mãe. Parabéns, Feliz Aniversário e muito obrigado à todos!

  61. Helene Shaughnessy
    San diego, CA
    April 13, 2015, 1:38 pm

    I too would, like to know, if in next few years will it be possible to trace the paternal history for those of us females with no living male relatives?

  62. Joe Lissak
    CALIFORNIA United States
    April 13, 2015, 1:05 pm

    C
    Congrats for starting this. I think I was among the first to sign up & do the swab.. What is your connection to FTDA in Houston? I have been doing all the followup testing thru them. I am not sure if there is a tie-in to Jewish Gen. However I am not satisfied with not ever getting matches or hearing from the closest of matches directly and at age 80 I just am at a standstill.

  63. Jerry Eckel
    Los Angeles, CA
    April 13, 2015, 1:01 pm

    I was very disappointed at the outcome of this rather expensive investment. The information sent to me was very general and contained nothing that I had not already gained from my parents and grandparents. I was excited at the onset, hoping to receive information worth sharing with my siblings. The good thing, my siblings did not join the project.

  64. Richard Brennan
    Birmingham,Alabama USA
    April 13, 2015, 12:23 pm

    Howdy Ya’ll.
    Happy Birthday Geno 2.0.Me,and my three brothers participated in the project,and we loved it.Many happy returns!!!!!!

    • Miguel Vilar
      April 13, 2015, 12:25 pm

      Great to hear, thank you!

  65. Ignacio Bueno R.
    Bogotá, Colombia
    April 13, 2015, 11:48 am

    RUEGO ENCARECIDAMENTE corregir el comentario. Pues fue recortado en su texto y cambiaron algunos vocablos que no utilice. Ignacio.

  66. Mary Hanson
    Michigan, U.S.A.
    April 13, 2015, 11:43 am

    I’m anxiously awaiting Spencer Wells’ next book, hopefully about the Geno 2.0 project.

  67. IGNACIO BUENO R.
    Bogotá, Colombia
    April 13, 2015, 11:39 am

    Loable contar con Ustedes. FELICIDADES en este tiempo . Gracias por aclarar interrogantes alusivos al cuándo, por qué, cómo y dónde. Ojalá algún día se precise EL QUIÉN de todo ello. Es decir lo CAUSAL si lo hay. O sino la caSual. Ignacio.

  68. susan lendvay
    Virginia Beach, VA, USA
    April 13, 2015, 11:30 am

    It was thrilling to find out that I am part Neanderthal! I go waaayy back!

    • Miguel Vilar
      April 13, 2015, 11:33 am

      Great to hear, thank you!

  69. Jordi Masachs Castell
    Barcelona (Catalonia)
    April 13, 2015, 11:29 am

    Estic molt content d’haver participat i ensenyo els resultats, mapes i DVD als meus alumnes de Filosofia de Batxillerat.

  70. Thorben Petersen
    Denmark
    April 13, 2015, 11:26 am

    Happy Birthsday – and THANKS for A Fascinating Journey!

  71. June Anderson
    Minnesota
    April 13, 2015, 11:25 am

    Having no brothers I was only able to research my deep ancestry through my mother’s line. Is there, or will there be in the future, some way for a female to research both the male and female lines of her family for a complete picture?

  72. Claudio Altieri
    Italia - Roma
    April 13, 2015, 11:18 am

    Sono felice di aver partecipato a questo meraviglioso progetto.

  73. Crowley
    VA
    April 13, 2015, 11:18 am

    As alums of 1.0 and 2.0 thank you for the unique opportunity to learn “deep ancestry”. We do not tire of telling our stories.

    • Miguel Vilar
      April 13, 2015, 11:21 am

      It is participant stories that makes The Genographic Project so special and so succesful.
      Thank you!

  74. Auwalu Musa
    Malaysia
    April 13, 2015, 11:16 am

    Happy birthday!! To genography project to uncover the mystry of our ancestries. Live long in prossperity to all memebers who makes it possible to our door step. Thank you.

    • Miguel Vilar
      April 13, 2015, 11:23 am

      Thank you Auwalu.
      Best wishes, Miguel Vilar

  75. Iris
    Puerto Rico
    April 13, 2015, 11:14 am

    Good work!! I participated in this Project. Nice to see where I come from . Keep up this project going . There may be more surprise in it . Happy birthday and many blessing to all of you.